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Revelation 20:11-15 – The Last Judgment

Summary

All who have died appear before God's throne, where they are judged according to their deeds and saved by their inclusion in the book of life. Death and Hades are cast into the lake of fire.

Analysis

The scene of the last judgment revolves around two sets of books. First, there are the books of deeds. These books assume that people are accountable for what they have done. Second, there is the book of life. The book of life represents divine grace. Since names are inscribed in the book of life from the foundation of the world, they must be placed in the book by divine grace. Those in the book of life are placed there because God wants them there (13:8; 17:8). People are judged according to their deeds, yet they are finally saved by divine grace, by having God place their names in the book of life (20:15; 21:27). People are accountable for what they do yet ultimately must trust that salvation is based on grace.

Revelation 20:11-15

The Dead Are Judged

11 Then I saw a great white throne and the one who sat on it; the earth and the heaven fled from his presence, and no place was found for them. 12And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Also another book was opened, the book of life. And the dead were judged according to their works, as recorded in the books. 13And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and all were judged according to what they had done. 14Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire; 15and anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.

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10 February 2011

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