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Haggai 2:1-9 – A More Glorious Second Temple

Summary

Haggai reassures the people who remember the glory of the first temple that the LORD will "shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land" and will bring the treasure of the nations to Jerusalem to make the second temple more glorious than the first.

Analysis

The first temple in Jerusalem, built by King Solomon, was made of stones and cedar and overlaid with gold (1 Kings 7). There were those in Jerusalem in Haggai's time who remembered Solomon's temple, and they were apparently dismayed by the relative modesty of the second temple. In answer, Haggai prophesies that the LORD will "shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land" and "all the nations," so that the treasure of the nations will come to Jerusalem and adorn the second temple. This rebuilt temple, then, will be more glorious than the first temple.

Part of Haggai 2:6 is quoted in Hebrews 12:26 to refer to the coming of God's heavenly kingdom.

Haggai 2:1-9

The Future Glory of the Temple

2In the second year of King Darius,1in the seventh month, on the twenty-first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai, saying: 2Speak now to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the remnant of the people, and say, 3Who is left among you that saw this house in its former glory? How does it look to you now? Is it not in your sight as nothing? 4Yet now take courage, O Zerubbabel, says the Lord; take courage, O Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest; take courage, all you people of the land, says the Lord; work, for I am with you, says the Lord of hosts, 5according to the promise that I made you when you came out of Egypt. My spirit abides among you; do not fear. 6For thus says the Lord of hosts: Once again, in a little while, I will shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land; 7and I will shake all the nations, so that the treasure of all nations shall come, and I will fill this house with splendour, says the Lord of hosts. 8The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, says the Lord of hosts. 9The latter splendour of this house shall be greater than the former, says the Lord of hosts; and in this place I will give prosperity, says the Lord of hosts.

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10 February 2011

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