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Judges 10:1-5 – Two Minor Judges: Tola and Jair

Summary

Scant information is given about these minor judges from Issachar and Manasseh in Transjordan.

Analysis

These minor judges, about whom we know very little, may have been included for their geographical references to foster the impression that every corner of Israel participated in the political experiences of this period. Tola was from Ephraim and Jair was from Gilead. Both "judged Israel." From a literary point of view, the so-called "minor judges" here--alone with Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon in 12:8-15--frame the more developed, though tragic, story of Jephthah.

Judges 10:1-5

Tola and Jair

10After Abimelech, Tola son of Puah son of Dodo, a man of Issachar, who lived at Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim, rose to deliver Israel. 2He judged Israel for twenty-three years. Then he died, and was buried at Shamir.

3 After him came Jair the Gileadite, who judged Israel for twenty-two years. 4He had thirty sons who rode on thirty donkeys; and they had thirty towns, which are in the land of Gilead, and are called Havvoth-jair to this day. 5Jair died, and was buried in Kamon.

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10 February 2011

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