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Passage: 2 Samuel 3:6-5:16

2 Samuel 3:6-5:16 – David Becomes King of Israel


David's accession to the throne of Israel follows the same pattern as his accession to Judah's throne.


David's accession to Israel's throne follows the pattern established in 1:1-3:5:

Activity Judah Israel
(1:1-3:5) (3:6-5:16)
A warrior meets with David 1:1-13 3:6-21
The warrior is executed 1:14-16 3:22-32
David laments 1:17-27 3:33-34
Rivals eliminated (lacking) 4:1-12
David anointed king 2:1-7 5:1-5
David consolidates through war2:8-3:1 5:6-12
List of children born to David 3:2-5 5:13-16

Only the elimination of David's rivals in Israel--Ishbaal the son of Saul and Mephibosheth, Jonathan's son--breaks the pattern. Ishbaal is executed (4:5-8) and Mephibosheth is shown to be unfit as king due to his physical limitations (4:4). All these texts are at pains to show that David was not responsible for the deaths of his rivals.