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2 Kings 18:9-12 – The Fall of the North


The fall of the north is repeated, this time from the perspective of Judah.


This second report of the fall of Samaria and the exile of the Israelites (compare 2 Kings 17:3-8) is presented from the perspective of the southern kingdom. The chronological synchronisms with the reign of Hoshea are contradicted by extrabiblical evidence. By juxtaposing the chronological material of Hezekiah's reign with that of Hoshea, the editors seek to stress the contemporaneous nature of the two kings. Coupled with the theological commentary on the demise of the north in verse 12, this serves as a word of warning to the inhabitants of Judah.

2 Kings 18:9-12

In the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of King Hoshea son of Elah of Israel, King Shalmaneser of Assyria came up against Samaria, besieged it, 10and at the end of three years took it. In the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was the ninth year of King Hoshea of Israel, Samaria was taken. 11The king of Assyria carried the Israelites away to Assyria, settled them in Halah, on the Habor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes, 12because they did not obey the voice of the Lord their God but transgressed his covenant—all that Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded; they neither listened nor obeyed.

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